What Is a Fuel Cell Car?

Toyota Mirai
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All About Fuel Cell Vehicles (and Other Practical Options)

Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) have an electric motor that is powered using hydrogen gas. However, the cars don’t burn the fuel like traditional gasoline or diesel vehicles. Instead, the FCV converts the hydrogen into electricity. Once the conversion is complete, the only byproducts are water and heat.

Fuel cell vehicles are environmentally friendly due to the lack of tailpipe emissions, though keep in mind that producing the hydrogen fuel causes pollution. Still, FVCs can cut your carbon footprint significantly.

Each FCV contains a hydrogen storage tank, an energy-dense battery, a power control unit, a fuel cell stack, and an electric motor. Hydrogen, compressed at 10,000 psi, is added to the tank. The fuel cell stack uses the hydrogen, mixes it with oxygen, and creates electricity, which the power control unit distributes to the motor. The battery stores energy created from regenerative braking and supplements power to the electric motor.

Read on to learn about today’s FCVs and other practical options that utilize the latest automotive technology.