Buying vs. Leasing
|How this Guide is Organized|
|1. Benefits of Leasing|
|2. Drawbacks of Leasing|
|3. Benefits of Buying|
|4. Drawbacks of Buying|
Paying cash or taking out a car loan isn’t the only way to get into a new car. Leasing was once reserved for corporate customers and luxury car buyers, but now it’s found in every segment of the car industry, from college grads leasing subcompacts to families leasing full-size SUVs. As vehicle prices continue to climb, so does the number of people who lease. Leasing now accounts for nearly one-third of vehicle sales.
While many people take out a car loan to finance a car, leasing offers another way to have a new car in your driveway. Leasing can allow buyers to acquire a more expensive vehicle than they might otherwise be able to afford. However, it isn't without its drawbacks. Buying could be the better choice in the long run, depending on your financial situation and how you use your car.
We'll take a closer look at the pros and cons of leasing and buying in the following sections. If you're curious about what kind of deals you can get with leasing vs. buying, check out our lease deals and purchase deals pages. You can also save thousands off your next car purchase using the U.S. News Best Price Program.
Leasing a car is similar to financing in many ways, but there are some key differences. When you are purchasing a car, the loan value is based on the entire cost of the vehicle, minus your down payment and trade-in value. When leasing, however, you’re only financing the depreciation that occurs during the lease term (most commonly three years), plus fees. At the end of the lease term, you simply return the car to the dealership.
So, unless you pay a tremendous amount of money down, or your trade-in had a high value, a monthly lease payment will be lower than a monthly loan payment. With the car lease, you only pay the difference between the car’s price and what it’s expected to be worth at the end of the lease, which is known as its residual value.
It’s helpful to look at some numbers. Say your dream car is a new SUV that costs $30,000, you’re able to put 10 percent down ($3,000), and don’t have a trade-in. You’ll need to finance $27,000.
With any lease, there will be a predetermined residual value. Let’s say, for our example, that it’s 55 percent, or $16,500. That means you’ll only make payments on the $13,500 worth of use that you’re expected to get from the vehicle. That’s half the price of the outright purchase. It’s not quite that simple – both types of deals generally come with fees that need to be included in the math – but that gives you an idea of why lease payments are generally lower than financing payments.
If you only have a small down payment saved up, leasing may be a good option. Car leases require anywhere from zero to several thousand dollars up front. Many of the best new car deals are advertised lease offers that promise low monthly payments, although some require high down payments. Just like with an outright purchase, the more money you put down, the lower the monthly payment.
Leases are a good way to have a predictable total cost of ownership. Many leases last about three years, or the length of a typical new-car bumper-to-bumper warranty. That means the car is usually covered under warranty for unexpected repairs during the lease. You’ll still need to maintain the car, though, which includes oil changes, tire rotations and recommended maintenance from the manufacturer. Maintenance is even more important for a leased car than a purchased one, as failure to properly maintain and document service for the car during the lease can result in fees at its termination.
If you enjoy having the newest high-tech and safety features, leasing could also be the better choice for you. With leasing, you can get a new car every few years, and each one will have the latest and greatest technology and safety features. With a leased car, you don’t have to worry about selling the car or getting a good price for your trade-in. When the lease is up and you have followed all the rules about mileage and maintenance, you can simply turn in the car and walk away.
Lease contracts strictly limit the number of miles you can drive before steep penalties are imposed. The mileage restrictions typically range from 9,000 to 15,000 miles a year, with 12,000 being the most common. You’ll need to estimate how many miles you drive per year and round up to the next mileage limit available on the lease. If you exceed the limit, prepare to pay a fee per mile at the end of the lease.
Mileage overage fees can add up quickly. For example, if your lease contract imposes a 20-cent-per-mile fee for miles over maximum, you’ll have to pay $1 for that 5-mile round-trip to the grocery store. You can imagine what a cross-country road trip could cost.
Dealers will require that the vehicle be returned in original condition, less normal wear and tear. If you make alterations to the car that can be easily removed, you’re OK, but make significant changes, and you’ll have to pay to have the car returned to its original condition. Lessees need to read all the fine print to understand what is allowable and what is not; it's important to note that every lease has different terms and conditions. Don’t assume that because you could do something with your last lease, you can do it on your next one.
Another drawback is that when you lease, you’re really just renting the car for a few years and financing the portion of the car’s life that's covered by your lease term. At the end of the lease, you will have no equity in the car, and no value to apply as a down payment on your next car. If you like the car and want to buy it, you’ll have to take out a loan, and that loan will incur a higher interest rate, since you will be financing a used car.
It’s often only shoppers with good credit scores that will qualify for a car lease (especially those with manufacturer subsidies). If your credit score is less than perfect, you may want to consider waiting to lease until you can increase your credit score, or looking for a certified used car with a similar payment. Buyers with challenged credit can sometimes lease vehicles or acquire someone else’s lease, but it can be more difficult than purchasing a new or used vehicle.
Leasing customers need to make themselves familiar with all of the fees involved across the entire duration of the lease, from inception to conclusion. In many cases, the end of the lease is not as easy or cheap as simply dropping off the keys and walking away.
If you tend to keep your vehicle for a long time, buying is probably a better option for you than leasing. When you buy, you own the car outright when the loan is paid off (though until then, the lender owns the vehicle). Throughout the length of the loan, you gain equity in the car as long as your payments outpace the depreciation of the vehicle.
At the end of the loan, the car belongs to you, and your lender will transfer its title to you. Other than the basic costs of ownership – gas, insurance, repairs, etc. – you won’t have to figure any car payments into your budget.
Another huge benefit is the lack of a mileage restriction. If you live in a rural area or have a significant commute, this can be a huge advantage for buying over leasing.
When you buy a new car in the traditional way, you’re open to fluctuations in its market value when you decide to sell or trade it in. Though there are some pretty good predictors of future market value for specific models, you can never be sure about how changing market conditions might affect its value.
With leasing, the future value is predicted up front. If the car is worth less than that amount at the end, it’s not your problem. If you have a car loan and the car is worth less than the loan balance, you have negative equity (also known as being upside down or underwater). This is only a drawback if you plan on selling it or trading it in, because you’ll have to come up with the difference between what the car sells for and the remaining loan balance. Many dealerships, however, will be more than happy to roll that deficiency balance into the financing for your next vehicle (not a good idea, but that’s a topic for another day).
Another potential drawback of buying is a sizeable down payment. Many lenders require 10 to 20 percent down when taking out a car loan. On a $30,000 vehicle, that’s $3,000 to $6,000, and it can be tough for people to save up that much money, especially if an accident or other unexpected circumstance requires immediate car replacement. Some special loan programs allow buyers with excellent credit to forgo the down payment requirement and finance 100 percent (or more) of the price of a new vehicle.
One other downside of buying is that, in trying get the monthly payments to fit your budget, you may be enticed to extend the length of the loan. Loan lengths are trending upward, with new loan products available that can stretch your payments out eight years or more. You could end up with a car loan that feels more like a mortgage.
Longer loan terms give more time for interest to compound, and the interest rates tend to be higher due to the riskier nature of long-term loans. You’ll end up paying more in total payments for the car than if you had a shorter loan term. You'll also be more likely to be underwater on your loan if you have to sell the car while you're still paying it off.
A larger down payment will help lower your monthly payments on a car purchase, but again, coming up with that much cash can be difficult.
When it comes to buying and leasing, there’s no one-size-fits-all answer. Consumers need to carefully consider all of the pro, cons, and costs involved and determine which best fits their situation. Look at your budget and be honest about your mileage needs, lifestyle, and credit history before you make the leap. For the latest tips and deals, be sure to visit our financing guide.
If you're wondering what kind of deals you can get with leasing vs. buying, check out our lease deals and purchase deals pages. You can also save thousands off your next car purchase using the U.S. News Best Price Program.
- How to Finance a Car and Get a Car Loan
- How to Negotiate the Best Price on a New Car
- How to Buy a Used Car